NVIDIA Corporation
NVIDIA CORP (Form: 10-Q, Received: 08/19/2015 16:44:58)


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 

FORM 10-Q

[x]
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended July 26, 2015
OR
[_]
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission file number: 0-23985
NVIDIA CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
94-3177549
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)
Identification No.)

2701 San Tomas Expressway
Santa Clara, California 95050
(408) 486-2000
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number,
including area code, of principal executive offices)

N/A
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year if changed since last report)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes x No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer  x                                                                                         
Accelerated filer o                             
Non-accelerated filer o  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company o
                               
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes o No x

The number of shares of common stock, $0.001 par value, outstanding as of  August 14, 2015 , was  539 million .




NVIDIA CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED July 26, 2015

TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
 
 
 
 
a) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended July 26, 2015 and July 27, 2014
 
 
 
 
b) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three and six months ended July 26, 2015 and July 27, 2014
 
 
 
 
c) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015
 
 
 
 
d) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended July 26, 2015 and July 27, 2014
 
 
 
 
e) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
 
 
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
 
 
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
 
 
 
Controls and Procedures
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Legal Proceedings
 
 
 
Risk Factors
 
 
 
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
 
 
 
Exhibits
 
 
 
 

WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION
 
Investors and others should note that we announce material financial information to our investors using our investor relations website, press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. We also use the following social media channels as a means of disclosing information about the company, our products, our planned financial and other announcements and attendance at upcoming investor and industry conferences, and other matters and for complying with our disclosure obligations under Regulation FD:
 
NVIDIA Twitter Account ( https://twitter.com/NVIDIA )
NVIDIA Company Blog ( http://blogs.nvidia.com/ )   
NVIDIA Facebook Page ( https://www.facebook.com/NVIDIA )   
NVIDIA LinkedIn Page ( http://www.linkedin.com/company/nvidia?trk=hb_tab_compy_id_3608 )

In addition, investors and others can use the Pulse news reader to subscribe to the NVIDIA Daily News feed and can view NVIDIA videos on YouTube.
              
The information we post through these social media channels may be deemed material. Accordingly, investors should monitor these accounts and the blog, in addition to following our press releases, SEC filings and public conference calls and webcasts. This list may be updated from time to time. The information we post through these channels is not a part of this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. These channels may be updated from time to time on NVIDIA's investor relations website.

2



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.  FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
(In millions, except per share data)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
1,153

 
$
1,103

 
$
2,304

 
$
2,206

Cost of revenue
519

 
484

 
1,018

 
983

Gross profit
634

 
619

 
1,286

 
1,223

Operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
320

 
337

 
658

 
672

Sales, general and administrative
149

 
119

 
289

 
237

Restructuring and other charges
89

 

 
89

 

Total operating expenses
558

 
456

 
1,036

 
909

Income from operations
76

 
163

 
250

 
314

Interest income
9

 
7

 
18

 
13

Interest expense
(12
)
 
(12
)
 
(22
)
 
(23
)
Other income (expense), net
(1
)
 
(3
)
 
(2
)
 
14

Income before income tax
72

 
155

 
244

 
318

Income tax expense
46

 
27

 
84

 
53

Net income
$
26

 
$
128

 
$
160

 
$
265

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income per share:
 
 
 
 


 


Basic
$
0.05

 
$
0.23

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.47

Diluted
$
0.05

 
$
0.22

 
$
0.28

 
$
0.46

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares used in per share computation:


 


 


 


Basic
541

 
558

 
545

 
559

Diluted
556

 
571

 
563

 
571

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash dividends declared and paid per common share
$
0.0975

 
$
0.0850

 
$
0.1825

 
$
0.1700



See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


3


NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(UNAUDITED)
(In millions)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
Net income
$
26

 
$
128

 
$
160

 
$
265

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net change in unrealized losses on available-for-sale securities, net of tax
(7
)
 
(2
)
 
(4
)
 

Reclassification adjustments for net realized losses on available-for-sale securities included in net income, net of tax

 

 
(2
)
 

Other comprehensive loss
(7
)
 
(2
)
 
(6
)
 

Total comprehensive income
$
19

 
$
126

 
$
154

 
$
265



See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.


4



NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES 
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
(In millions)

 
July 26,
 
January 25,
 
2015
 
2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
435

 
$
497

Marketable securities
4,070

 
4,126

Accounts receivable, net
514

 
474

Inventories
441

 
483

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
89

 
70

Deferred income taxes
59

 
63

Total current assets
5,608

 
5,713

Property and equipment, net
497

 
557

Goodwill
618

 
618

Intangible assets, net
190

 
222

Other assets
66

 
91

Total assets
$
6,979

 
$
7,201

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
277

 
$
293

Accrued and other current liabilities
659

 
603

Total current liabilities
936

 
896

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt
1,399

 
1,384

Other long-term liabilities
447

 
489

Capital lease obligations, long-term
12

 
14

Commitments and contingencies - see Note 11

 

Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock

 

Common stock
1

 
1

Additional paid-in capital
3,938

 
3,855

Treasury stock, at cost
(3,765
)
 
(3,395
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
1

 
8

Retained earnings
4,010

 
3,949

Total shareholders' equity
4,185

 
4,418

Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
6,979

 
$
7,201


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.




5



NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
(In millions)
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
2015
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
160

 
$
265

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
103

 
111

Stock-based compensation expense
93

 
74

Restructuring and other charges
32



Amortization of debt discount
14

 
14

Net gain on sale and disposal of long-lived assets and investments
(3
)
 
(14
)
Deferred income taxes
65

 
38

Tax benefits from stock-based compensation
(6
)
 
(7
)
Other
11

 
14

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(41
)
 
(46
)
Inventories
42

 
1

Prepaid expenses and other assets
(13
)
 
3

Accounts payable
(13
)
 
(64
)
Accrued and other current liabilities
60

 
(12
)
Other long-term liabilities
(95
)
 
(130
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
409

 
247

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of marketable securities
(1,861
)
 
(1,683
)
Proceeds from sale of marketable securities
1,415

 
869

Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities
487

 
451

Proceeds from sale of long-lived assets and investments
2

 
21

Reimbursement of headquarters building development costs from banks
24



Purchases of property and equipment and intangible assets
(54
)
 
(52
)
Other
(1
)
 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
12

 
(394
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of common stock under employee stock plans
64

 
98

Payments under capital lease obligations
(2
)
 
(1
)
Tax benefits from stock-based compensation
6

 
7

Payments related to repurchases of common stock
(452
)
 
(500
)
Dividends paid
(99
)
 
(94
)
Net cash used in financing activities
(483
)
 
(490
)
Change in cash and cash equivalents
(62
)
 
(637
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
497

 
1,152

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
435

 
$
515

 
 
 
 
Other non-cash activity:
 
 
 
Assets acquired by assuming related liabilities
$
2

 
$
6


See accompanying Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

6

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)



Note 1 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
 
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, or U.S. GAAP, for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, Regulation S-X. The January 25, 2015 consolidated balance sheet was derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 25, 2015, as filed with the SEC, but does not include all disclosures required by U.S. GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments except as otherwise noted, considered necessary for a fair statement of results of operations and financial position have been included. The results for the interim periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for any future period. The following information should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 25, 2015 .  

Significant Accounting Policies
 
For a description of significant accounting policies, see Note 1, Organization and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 25, 2015 . There have been no material changes to our significant accounting policies since the filing of the Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Fiscal Year
 
We operate on a 52- or 53-week year, ending on the last Sunday in January. Fiscal year 2016 is a 53-week year and fiscal year 2015 was a 52-week year. The second quarters of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 were both 13-week quarters.

Principles of Consolidation
 
Our condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of NVIDIA Corporation and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All material inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Restructuring and Other Charges

Our restructuring and other charges primarily comprise of employee severance and related costs, write-down of assets, and other exit costs. The severance and related costs could include one-time termination benefits as well as certain statutory termination benefits or employee terminations under ongoing benefit arrangements. One-time termination benefits are recognized as a liability at estimated fair value when the approved plan of termination has been communicated to employees, unless employees must provide future service, in which case the benefits are recognized ratably over the future service period. Ongoing termination benefits arrangements are recognized as a liability at estimated fair value when the amount of such benefits becomes estimable and payment is probable. Any contract termination costs are recognized at estimated fair value when we terminate the contract in accordance with the contract terms. Other associated costs are recognized in the period the liability is incurred.
Use of Estimates
 
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, cash equivalents and marketable securities, accounts receivable, inventories, income taxes, goodwill, stock-based compensation, warranty liabilities, litigation, investigation and settlement costs, restructuring and other charges, and other contingencies. These estimates are based on historical facts and various other assumptions that we believe are reasonable.  


7

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Adoption of New and Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

In July 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued an accounting standard update for the subsequent measurement of inventory. The amended guidance requires entities to measure inventory at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Net realizable value is the estimated selling prices in the ordinary course of business, less reasonably predictable costs of completion, disposal and transportation. The requirement would replace the current lower of cost or market evaluation. The update is effective for us beginning in our first quarter of fiscal year 2018, with early adoption permitted to be applied prospectively. We are currently evaluating the impact of this accounting guidance on our consolidated financial statements.
In April 2015, the FASB issued a new accounting standards update that requires an entity to present debt issuance costs on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the related debt liability as opposed to an asset. Amortization of the costs will continue to be reported as interest expense. The update is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim reporting periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2015. Early adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued, and the new guidance would be applied retrospectively to all prior periods presented. The update will be effective for us beginning in our first quarter of fiscal year 2017. The adoption of this accounting guidance is not currently expected to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

In May 2014, the FASB issued a new accounting standards update that creates a single source of revenue guidance under U.S. GAAP for all companies, in all industries, effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. On July 9, 2015, the FASB voted to defer the effective date by one year, such that the new standard will be effective for us beginning in our first quarter of fiscal year 2019. The FASB will also permit entities to adopt the standard one year earlier if they choose (i.e., the original effective date). We will adopt this guidance either by using a full retrospective approach for all periods presented in the period of adoption or a modified retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact of this accounting guidance on our consolidated financial statements and have not yet determined which transition method we will apply.

Note 2 - Stock-Based Compensation
 
Our stock-based compensation expense is associated with stock options, restricted stock units, or RSUs, performance stock units that are based on our corporate financial performance targets, or PSUs, performance stock units that are based on market conditions, or market-based PSUs, and our employee stock purchase plan, or ESPP.

We estimate the fair value of employee stock options on the date of grant using a binomial model and recognize the expense using a straight-line attribution method over the requisite employee service period. We use the closing trading price of our common stock on the date of grant, minus a dividend yield discount, as the fair value of awards of RSUs and PSUs, and we use a Monte Carlo simulation on the date of grant to estimate the fair value of market-based PSUs. We use a Black-Scholes valuation at the commencement of an offering period in March and September of each year to estimate the fair value of the shares to be issued under our ESPP.

Stock-based compensation expense for stock options, RSUs and market-based PSUs is recognized using a straight-line attribution method over the requisite employee service period, while compensation expense for PSUs and ESPP is recognized using an accelerated amortization model.

Our condensed consolidated statements of income include stock-based compensation expense, net of amounts capitalized as inventory, as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
 
(In millions)
Cost of revenue
$
3

 
$
3

 
$
6

 
$
6

Research and development
27

 
21

 
54

 
42

Sales, general and administrative
17

 
14

 
33

 
26

Total
$
47

 
$
38

 
$
93

 
$
74



8

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Equity Award Activity

The following summarizes the stock option, RSU, PSU and market-based PSU activity under our equity incentive plans:
 
Awards Outstanding
 
Weighted Average Exercise Price
Stock Options
(In millions)
 
(Per share)
Balances, January 25, 2015
21

 
$14.61
Granted

 

Exercised
(4
)
 
$14.16
Cancelled

 

Balances, July 26, 2015
17

 
$14.61
 
Awards Outstanding
 
Weighted Average Grant-Date Fair Value
RSUs, PSUs and Market-based PSUs
(In millions)
 
(Per share)
Balances, January 25, 2015
23

 
$15.94
Granted (1) (2)
4

 
$21.65
Vested
(4
)
 
$15.04
Cancelled
(1
)
 
$15.99
Balances, July 26, 2015
22

 
$17.12
(1)
Includes the total PSUs issuable if the corporate financial performance maximum target level for fiscal year 2016 is achieved. Depending on the actual level of achievement of the corporate performance target at the end of fiscal year 2016, the PSUs issued could range from 0 to 2 million shares. We granted PSUs during the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 to our CEO and senior management as approved by our Compensation Committee.
(2)
Includes the market-based PSUs issuable if the maximum target for total shareholder return, or TSR, over the 3-year measurement period is achieved. Depending on the ranking of our TSR compared to the respective TSRs of the companies comprising the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index during a 3-year measurement period, the market-based PSUs issued could range from 0 to 0.4 million shares. We granted market-based PSUs during the first quarter of fiscal year 2016 to our CEO and senior management as approved by our Compensation Committee.
Of the estimated total grant-date fair value, the stock-based compensation expense related to the equity awards that are not expected to vest was $2 million and $8 million for the three and six months ended July 26, 2015 , respectively, and $2 million and $12 million for three and six months ended July 27, 2014 , respectively.

The following summarizes aggregated unearned stock-based compensation expense and estimated weighted average amortization period as of July 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015 :
 
July 26,
 
January 25,
 
2015
 
2015
 
(In millions)
Aggregated unearned stock-based compensation expense
$288
 
$291
 
 
 
 
Estimated weighted average amortization period
(In years)
Stock options
1.5
 
1.8
RSUs, PSUs and market-based PSUs
2.6
 
2.8
ESPP
0.7
 
0.5


9

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 3 – Net Income Per Share

The following is a reconciliation of the numerator and denominator of the basic and diluted net income per share computations for the periods presented:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions, except per share data)
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
26

 
$
128

 
$
160

 
$
265

Denominator:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Denominator for basic net income per share, weighted average shares
541

 
558

 
545

 
559

Effect of dilutive securities:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Equity awards outstanding
11

 
13

 
13

 
12

Assumed conversion of 1% Convertible Senior Notes Due 2018
4

 

 
5

 

Denominator for diluted net income per share, weighted average shares
556

 
571

 
563

 
571

Net income per share:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic net income per share
$
0.05

 
$
0.23

 
$
0.29

 
$
0.47

Diluted net income per share
$
0.05

 
$
0.22

 
$
0.28

 
$
0.46

Potentially dilutive equity awards excluded from diluted net income per share because their effect would have been anti-dilutive
1

 
4

 
4

 
8

The 1.00% Convertible Senior Notes, or the Notes, are included in the calculation of diluted net income per share if their inclusion is dilutive. The Notes will generally have a dilutive impact on net income per share if our average stock price for the reporting period exceeds the conversion price of  $20.16  per share. For the three and six months ended July 26, 2015, our average stock price for the reporting periods exceeded the conversion price, causing the Notes to have a dilutive impact for these periods.

The denominator for diluted net income per share does not include any effect from the convertible note hedge transaction, or the Note Hedges, that we entered into concurrently with the issuance of the Notes, as its effect would be anti-dilutive. In the event an actual conversion of any or all of the Notes occurs, the shares that would be delivered to us under the Note Hedges are designed to neutralize the dilutive effect of the shares that we would issue under the Notes.

The denominator for diluted net income per share will not include any effect from the warrants, which we entered into concurrently with the issuance of the Notes, unless our average stock price for the reporting period exceeds the strike price of $27.13 per share.

Please refer to Note 10 of these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for additional discussion regarding the Notes.


10

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 4 – Income Taxes

We recognized income tax expense of $46 million and $84 million for the three and six months ended July 26, 2015, respectively, and  $27 million  and  $53 million  for the three and six months ended July 27, 2014, respectively. Income tax expense as a percentage of income before tax, or our effective tax rate, was 64.0% and 34.3% for the three and six months ended July 26, 2015, respectively, and 17.2%  and  16.8%  for the three and six months ended July 27, 2014, respectively.

Our income tax expense for the three months ended July 26, 2015 included a charge of $27 million for the write-down of a deferred tax asset related to our Icera modem operations, partially offset by a $13 million tax benefit related to the restructuring and other charges.
The increase in our effective tax rate in the three months ended July 26, 2015 as compared to the same period in the prior fiscal year was primarily due to the tax related charges in connection with the wind-down of the Icera modem operations, an increase in the amount of earnings subject to U.S. tax, and increase of permanent tax differences related to stock-based compensation in the six months ended July 26, 2015.
Our effective tax rate on income before tax for the six months ended July 26, 2015 of 34.3% was lower than the U. S. federal statutory rate of 35% due primarily to income earned in jurisdictions where the tax rate is lower than the U.S. federal statutory tax rate. Further, our actual effective tax rate for the six months ended July 26, 2015 of 34.3% differs from our annual projected effective tax rate for this period of 22.2% due to certain discrete items, including the tax related charges attributable to the wind-down of the Icera modem operations, partially offset by tax benefits recognized upon the expiration of statutes of limitations in certain non-U.S. jurisdictions.
Our effective tax rate on income before tax for the six months ended July 27, 2014 of 16.8% was lower than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 35% due primarily to income earned in jurisdictions where the tax rate is lower than the U.S. statutory tax.

For the six months ended July 26, 2015, there have been no material changes to our tax years that remain subject to examination by major tax jurisdictions. Additionally, there have been no other material changes to our unrecognized tax benefits and any related interest or penalties since the fiscal year ended January 25, 2015, other than the recognition of tax benefits upon the expiration of statute of limitation in certain non-U.S. jurisdictions in the six months ended July 26, 2015.

While we believe that we have adequately provided for all uncertain tax positions, or tax positions where it is believed not more-likely-than-not that the position will be sustained upon examination, amounts asserted by tax authorities could be greater or less than our accrued position. Accordingly, our provisions on federal, state and foreign tax related matters to be recorded in the future may change as revised estimates are made or the underlying matters are settled or otherwise resolved with the respective tax authorities. As of July 26, 2015, we do not believe that our estimates, as otherwise provided for, on such tax positions will significantly increase or decrease within the next twelve months.


11

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 5 - Marketable Securities
 
All of our cash equivalents and marketable securities are classified as “available-for-sale” securities. These securities are reported at fair value, with the related unrealized gains and losses included in accumulated other comprehensive income, a component of shareholders’ equity, net of tax, and net realized gains and losses recorded in other income, net, on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income.

We performed an impairment review of our investment portfolio as of July 26, 2015 . Based on our quarterly impairment review, we concluded that our investments were appropriately valued and that no other than temporary impairment charges were necessary on our portfolio as of July 26, 2015 .

The following is a summary of cash equivalents and marketable securities at July 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015
 
July 26, 2015
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gain
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
(In millions)
Corporate debt securities
$
1,972

 
$
1

 
$
(3
)
 
$
1,970

Debt securities of U.S. government agencies
893

 
1

 
(1
)
 
893

Asset-backed securities
489

 

 
(1
)
 
488

Debt securities issued by U.S. Treasury
385

 

 

 
385

Mortgage-backed securities issued by U.S. government-sponsored enterprises
261

 
4

 

 
265

Foreign government bonds
75

 

 

 
75

Money market funds
30

 

 

 
30

Total
$
4,105

 
$
6

 
$
(5
)
 
$
4,106

Classified as:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash equivalents
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
36

Marketable securities
 

 
 

 
 

 
4,070

Total
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
4,106

 
January 25, 2015
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Unrealized
Gain
 
Unrealized
Loss
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
(In millions)
Corporate debt securities
$
2,185

 
$
2

 
$
(1
)
 
$
2,186

Debt securities of U.S. government agencies
750

 
1

 
(1
)
 
750

Asset-backed securities
453

 

 

 
453

Debt securities issued by U.S. Treasury
534

 
3

 

 
537

Mortgage-backed securities issued by U.S. government-sponsored enterprises
274

 
5

 
(1
)
 
278

Foreign government bonds
85

 

 

 
85

Money market funds
132

 

 

 
132

Total
$
4,413

 
$
11

 
$
(3
)
 
$
4,421

Classified as:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
295

Marketable securities
 
 
 
 
 
 
4,126

Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
4,421

 
The following table provides the breakdown of the investments with unrealized losses at July 26, 2015
 
Less than 12 months
 
12 months or greater
 
Total
 
Fair Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
Fair Value
 
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 
(In millions)
Corporate debt securities
$
1,098

 
$
(3
)
 
$
40

 
$

 
$
1,138

 
$
(3
)
Debt securities of U.S. government agencies
504

 
(1
)
 

 

 
504

 
(1
)
Asset-backed securities
313

 
(1
)
 
23

 

 
336

 
(1
)
Total
$
1,915

 
$
(5
)
 
$
63

 
$

 
$
1,978

 
$
(5
)

The gross unrealized losses related to fixed income securities were due to changes in interest rates. We have determined that the gross unrealized losses on investment securities at  July 26, 2015  are temporary in nature. Currently, we have the intent and ability to hold our investments with impairment indicators until maturity.

The amortized cost and estimated fair value of cash equivalents and marketable securities, which are primarily debt instruments, are classified as available-for-sale at July 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015 and are shown below by contractual maturity.  

 
July 26, 2015
 
January 25, 2015
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Estimated
Fair Value
 
(In millions)
Less than 1 year
$
1,174

 
$
1,174

 
$
1,570

 
$
1,571

Due in 1 - 5 years
2,812

 
2,811

 
2,720

 
2,726

Mortgage-backed securities issued by government-sponsored enterprises not due at a single maturity date
119

 
121

 
123

 
124

Total
$
4,105

 
$
4,106

 
$
4,413

 
$
4,421

 
Net realized gains were not significant for the three months ended July 26, 2015 and for the three and six months ended July 27, 2014 . Net realized gains were $3 million for the six months ended July 26, 2015 .


12

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 6 – Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities

Financial assets measured at fair value

We measure our cash equivalents and marketable securities at fair value. The fair values of our financial assets and liabilities are determined using quoted market prices of identical assets or quoted market prices of similar assets from active markets. Our Level 1 assets consist of our money market funds. We classify securities within Level 1 assets when the fair value is obtained from real time quotes for transactions in active exchange markets involving identical assets. Our available-for-sale securities are classified as having Level 2 inputs. Our Level 2 assets are valued utilizing a market approach where the market prices of similar assets are provided by a variety of independent industry standard data providers to our investment custodian. We review the fair value hierarchy classification on a quarterly basis. Changes in the observability of valuation inputs may result in a reclassification of levels for certain securities within the fair value hierarchy. There were no significant transfers between Levels 1 and 2 assets for the three and six months ended July 26, 2015 .
    
Financial assets measured at fair value are summarized below:
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurement
as of July 26, 2015 Using
 
 
 
Quoted Prices 
in Active Markets for Identical Assets
 
Significant Other Observable Inputs
 
July 26, 2015
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(In millions)
Corporate debt securities (1)
$
1,970

 
$

 
$
1,970

Debt securities of U.S. government agencies (2)
893

 

 
893

Asset-backed securities (2)
488

 

 
488

Debt securities issued by U.S. Treasury (2)
385

 

 
385

Mortgage-backed securities issued by government-sponsored enterprises (2)
265

 

 
265

Foreign government bonds (2)
75

 

 
75

Money market funds (3)
30

 
30

 

Total cash equivalents and marketable securities
$
4,106

 
$
30

 
$
4,076

 
(1)
Included $6 million in cash equivalents and $1,964 million in marketable securities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(2)  
Included in marketable securities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
(3)
Included in cash equivalents on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

Financial liabilities measured at fair value

We issued $1.50 billion of Notes in December 2013. The Notes are carried at their original issuance value, net of unamortized debt discount, and are not marked to market each period. The estimated fair value of the Notes was $1.72 billion and $1.68 billion as of July 26, 2015 and January 25, 2015 , respectively. The estimated fair value of the Notes was determined on the basis of market prices observable for similar instruments and is considered Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy. Please refer to Note 10 of these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for discussion regarding the Notes.

13

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 7 - Intangible Assets
 
The components of our amortizable intangible assets are as follows:
 
July 26, 2015
 
January 25, 2015
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net Carrying
Amount
 
Gross
Carrying
Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Net Carrying
Amount
 
(In millions)
Acquisition-related intangible assets
$
193

 
$
(143
)
 
$
50

 
$
189

 
$
(134
)
 
$
55

Patents and licensed technology
451

 
(311
)
 
140

 
449

 
(282
)
 
167

Total intangible assets
$
644

 
$
(454
)
 
$
190

 
$
638

 
$
(416
)
 
$
222


Amortization expense associated with intangible assets was $19 million and $38 million for the three and six months ended July 26, 2015 , respectively, and $19 million and $38 million for the three and six months ended July 27, 2014 , respectively. Future amortization expense related to the net carrying amount of intangible assets at July 26, 2015 is estimated to be $35 million for the remainder of fiscal year 2016, $65 million in fiscal year 2017 , $50 million in fiscal year 2018 , $22 million in fiscal year 2019 , $13 million in fiscal year 2020 and a total of $5 million in fiscal year 2021 and beyond.

Note 8 - Balance Sheet Components
 
Certain balance sheet components are as follows:
 
July 26,
 
January 25,
 
2015
 
2015
Inventories:
(In millions)
Raw materials
$
139

 
$
157

Work in-process
107

 
92

Finished goods
195

 
234

Total inventories
$
441

 
$
483


At July 26, 2015 , we had outstanding inventory purchase obligations totaling $487 million .


14

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



 
July 26,
 
January 25,
 
2015
 
2015
Accrued and Other Current Liabilities:
(In millions)
Unearned revenue (1)
$
321

 
$
296

Customer related liabilities (2)
130

 
143

Accrued payroll and related expenses
111

 
112

Warranty accrual (3)
28

 
8

Professional service fees
29

 
17

Accrued restructuring and other charges (4)
18

 

Coupon interest on Notes
3

 
3

Taxes payable
3

 
3

Facilities related liabilities
1

 
8

Other
15

 
13

Total accrued and other current liabilities
$
659

 
$
603

      
(1)
Unearned revenue primarily includes deferred revenue.
(2)
Customer related liabilities primarily includes accrued customer programs. Please refer to Note 1 of the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 25, 2015 , for discussion regarding the nature of accrued customer programs and their accounting treatment related to our revenue recognition policies and estimates. 
(3)
Please refer to Note 9 of these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for discussion regarding the warranty accrual.
(4)
Please refer to Note 14 of these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for discussion regarding the restructuring and other charges accrual.
 
July 26,
 
January 25,
 
2015
 
2015
Other Long-Term Liabilities:
(In millions)
Deferred income tax liability
$
292

 
$
232

Income taxes payable
124

 
121

Asset retirement obligation
7

 
7

Deferred revenue (1)
1

 
108

Other
23

 
21

Total other long-term liabilities
$
447

 
$
489


(1) Consists primarily of consideration received in advance of our performance obligations under the patent cross licensing agreement that we entered into with Intel Corporation in January 2011. The decrease in deferred revenue, long-term, is a result of revenue recognized during the six months ended July 26, 2015.


15

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 9 - Guarantees
 
U.S. GAAP requires that upon issuance of a guarantee, the guarantor must recognize a liability for the fair value of the obligation it assumes under that guarantee. In addition, U.S. GAAP requires disclosures about the guarantees that an entity has issued, including a tabular reconciliation of the changes of the entity’s product warranty liabilities.
  
Accrual for Product Warranty Liabilities

We record a reduction to revenue for estimated product returns at the time revenue is recognized primarily based on historical return rates. Cost of revenue includes the estimated cost of product warranties. Under limited circumstances, we may offer an extended limited warranty to customers for certain products. Additionally, we accrue for known warranty and indemnification issues if a loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated.
On July 31, 2015, we announced a voluntary recall and replacement of our SHIELD 8-inch tablets that were sold between July 2014 and July 2015. We have determined that the battery in these tablets can overheat, posing a fire hazard. The recall does not affect any other NVIDIA products. During the six months ended July 26, 2015, we recorded a $21 million charge against cost of revenue, including $15 million during our fiscal quarter ended July 26, 2015, to cover anticipated customer warranty, repair, return, replacement and other associated costs.
The estimated product warranty liabilities for the three and six months ended July 26, 2015 and July 27, 2014 were as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions)
Balance at beginning of period
$
13

 
$
8

 
$
8

 
$
8

Additions
16

 
1

 
22

 
3

Deductions
(1
)
 
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
(3
)
Balance at end of period 
$
28

 
$
8

 
$
28

 
$
8


In connection with certain agreements that we have executed in the past, we have at times provided indemnities to cover the indemnified party for matters such as tax, product, and employee liabilities. We have also on occasion included intellectual property indemnification provisions in our technology related agreements with third parties. Maximum potential future payments cannot be estimated because many of these agreements do not have a maximum stated liability. As such, we have not recorded any liability in our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for such indemnifications. 


16

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 10 - Long-Term Debt
1.00 % Convertible Senior Notes Due 2018
On December 2, 2013, we issued $1.50 billion in Notes. The Notes are unsecured, unsubordinated obligations of the Company, which pay interest in cash semi-annually at a rate of 1.00% per annum. The Notes will mature on December 1, 2018 unless earlier repurchased or converted in accordance with their terms prior to such date. Under the terms of the Notes, they may be converted based on an initial conversion rate of 49.60 shares of common stock per $1,000 principal amount of Notes (equivalent to an initial conversion price of $20.16 per share of common stock), subject to adjustment as described in the indenture governing the Notes.
As of July 26, 2015 , none of the conditions allowing holders of the Notes to convert had been met. The determination of whether or not the Notes are convertible must be performed quarterly. If the Notes become convertible at the option of the holder, the carrying value of the Notes would be classified as a current liability and the difference between the principal amount and the carrying value of the Notes would be reflected as convertible debt in the mezzanine equity section on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The initial debt component of the Notes was valued at $1.35 billion based on the contractual cash flows discounted at an appropriate market rate for a non-convertible debt at the date of issuance, which was determined to be 3.15% . The carrying value of the permanent equity component reported in additional paid-in-capital was valued at $126 million and recorded as a debt discount. This amount, together with the $23 million purchaser's discount to the par value of the Notes represents the total unamortized debt discount of $149 million we recorded at the time of issuance of the Notes. The aggregate debt discount is amortized as interest expense over the contractual term of the Notes using the effective interest method using an interest rate of 3.15% .
The following table presents the carrying amounts of the liability and equity components:
 
 
July 26,
 
January 25,
 
 
2015
 
2015
 
 
(In millions)
Amount of the equity component
 
$
126

 
$
126

 
 
 
 
 
1.00% Convertible Senior Notes Due 2018
 
$
1,500

 
$
1,500

Unamortized debt discount (1)
 
(101
)
 
(116
)
Net carrying amount
 
$
1,399

 
$
1,384

(1) As of July 26, 2015 , the unamortized debt discount will be amortized over a remaining period of 3.4 years.
The following table presents interest expense for the contractual interest and the accretion of debt discount and issuance costs:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
 
(In millions)
Contractual coupon interest expense
 
$
4

 
$
4

 
$
8

 
$
8

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs
 
7

 
7

 
14

 
14

Total interest expense related to Notes
 
$
11

 
$
11

 
$
22

 
$
22


17

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 11 - Commitments and Contingencies

Operating Lease Financing Arrangement
In the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, we began to construct a new headquarters building in Santa Clara, California, which is currently targeted for completion in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018. We are financing this construction under an off-balance sheet, build-to-suit operating lease arrangement. As a part of this arrangement, we leased the real property we own where the building will be constructed under a 99 year ground lease to a syndicate of banks and concurrently leased back the building under a real property lease.
Under the real property lease, we pay rent, taxes, maintenance costs, utilities, insurance and other property related costs. The lease has an initial 7.5 year term expiring on December 19, 2022, consisting of an approximately 2.5 year construction period followed by a 5 year lease term. We have the option to renew this lease for up to three additional 5 year periods, subject to approval by the banks.
We will oversee the construction of the headquarters building. The banks have committed to fund up to $380 million of costs relating to construction. Advances will be made periodically to reimburse us for construction costs we incur. Once construction is complete, the lease balance will remain static at the completed cost for the remaining duration of the lease term. During construction, accrued interest will be capitalized into the lease balance. Following construction, we will pay rent in the form of interest. We have guaranteed the obligations under the lease held by any of our subsidiaries.
During the term of the lease, we may elect to purchase the headquarters building for the amount of the banks’ investment in the building and any accrued but unpaid rent. At the end of the lease term, we may elect to buy the building for the outstanding balance on the maturity date or arrange for the cash sale of the building to an unaffiliated third party. The aggregate guarantee made by us under the lease is no more than 87.5% of the costs incurred in connection with the construction of the building. Under certain default circumstances, the lease guarantee may be 100% of the banks’ investment in the building plus any and all accrued but unpaid interest and all other rent due and payable under the operative agreements.
The operative agreements are subject to customary default provisions, including, for example, those relating to payment and performance defaults, and events of bankruptcy. We are also subject to financial covenants including a covenant to maintain a maximum total leverage ratio not to exceed 3.0 to 1.0 and a minimum interest coverage ratio in excess of 3.5 to 1.0 during the term. If certain events of default occur and are continuing under the operative agreements, the banks may accelerate repayment of their investment under the lease.
Securities Cases

In September 2008, three putative securities class actions were filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California arising out of our announcements on July 2, 2008, that we would take a charge against cost of revenue to cover anticipated costs and expenses arising from a weak die/packaging material set in certain versions of our previous generation MCP and GPU products and that we were revising financial guidance for our second quarter of fiscal year 2009. The actions purport to be brought on behalf of purchasers of NVIDIA stock and assert claims for violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act.

On January 22, 2010, Plaintiffs filed a Consolidated Amended Class Action Complaint, asserting claims for violations of Section 10(b), Rule 10b-5, and Section 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act and seeking unspecified compensatory damages. We moved to dismiss the consolidated complaint and on October 19, 2010, Judge Seeborg granted our motion with leave to amend. On December 2, 2010, Plaintiffs filed a Second Consolidated Amended Complaint. We again moved to dismiss and on October 12, 2011, Judge Seeborg again granted our motion to dismiss, this time denying Plaintiffs leave to amend. On November 8, 2011, Plaintiffs filed a Notice of Appeal to the Ninth Circuit. Oral argument was held on January 14, 2014. On October 2, 2014, the Ninth Circuit issued an order affirming the dismissal. On October 16, 2014, Plaintiffs requested a rehearing or en banc review of the Ninth Circuit’s opinion affirming the dismissal. Plaintiffs’ request was denied on November 10, 2014. On February 9, 2015, Plaintiffs filed a petition for writ of certiorari to the United States Supreme Court. On April 15, 2015, we filed an opposition to Plaintiffs’ petition and the petition was denied on May 26, 2015. The case is now over.


18

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Patent Infringement Cases

On September 4, 2014, NVIDIA filed complaints against Qualcomm, Inc., or Qualcomm, and various Samsung entities with both the United States International Trade Commission, or ITC, and the United States District Court for the District of Delaware for alleged infringement of seven patents relating to graphics processing. In the ITC action, NVIDIA seeks to block shipments of Samsung Galaxy mobile phones and tablets and other consumer electronics and display devices containing Qualcomm’s Adreno, ARM’s Mali or Imagination’s PowerVR graphics architectures. On October 6, 2014, the ITC initiated an investigation of NVIDIA’s claim. On February 2 and 3, 2015, the court conducted a claim construction hearing on certain claim language from five of the seven patents at issue. In June 2015, NVIDIA moved to terminate all asserted claims on four patents, which motions have not yet been acted upon.  Certain asserted claims of the three remaining patents pending before the ITC were tried at a hearing on June 22-26, 2015. The post-hearing briefing was concluded on July 24, 2015, and the parties expect a decision on October 9, 2015.

In the Delaware action, NVIDIA seeks unspecified damages for Samsung and Qualcomm’s alleged patent infringement. On October 22, 2014, Samsung and Qualcomm moved to stay the Delaware proceedings in light of the pending ITC action and NVIDIA did not oppose the motion. The court granted the motion to stay on October 23, 2014.

On November 10, 2014, Samsung filed a complaint against NVIDIA and Velocity Micro, Inc., in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, alleging that NVIDIA infringed six patents and falsely advertised that the Tegra K1 processor is the world’s fastest mobile processor. On December 19, 2014, and then on April 10, 2015, Samsung filed amended, longer complaints, but which continued to assert the same claims against NVIDIA. Samsung seeks unspecified damages and an injunction prohibiting NVIDIA from any future violations. NVIDIA answered the second amended complaint on April 16, 2015, and asserted counter-claims against Samsung for infringing four of NVIDIA’s patents and for non-infringement and invalidity of the six patents asserted in Samsung’s second amended complaint. On April 24, 2015, Samsung moved to sever NVIDIA’s counter-claims for patent infringement and its motion was granted on May 19, 2015. NVIDIA voluntarily withdrew its counter-claims on May 19, 2015. On June 17, 2015, Velocity Micro, Inc. voluntarily agreed to a permanent injunction preventing it from infringing certain patents and was dismissed from the case with prejudice.  A Markman hearing was held on June 29, 2015 and trial is set to begin in January 2016.  Samsung’s false advertising claim was dismissed with prejudice on July 30, 2015. 

On November 23, 2014, Samsung filed a complaint against NVIDIA, among others, in the ITC claiming infringement of four United States patents. Samsung seeks to permanently bar several products purportedly relying on these allegedly infringed patents in the United States. On December 23, 2014, the ITC initiated an investigation of Samsung’s claims. On June 5, 2015, Samsung withdrew one patent from the case. A hearing on Samsung’s three remaining patents began on August 18, 2015.

NVIDIA and Samsung have also challenged the validity of certain of each other’s patents through inter partes review before the United States Patent and Trademark Office. NVIDIA has filed ten requests for inter partes review on eight of Samsung’s asserted patents. Samsung has filed six requests for inter partes review on six patents asserted by NVIDIA. The United States Patent and Trademark Office has not yet decided whether to institute review as to any of the patents.

Accounting for Loss Contingencies

While there can be no assurance of favorable outcomes, we believe the claims made by other parties in the above ongoing matters are without merit and we intend to vigorously defend the actions. As of July 26, 2015, we have not recorded any accrual for contingent liabilities associated with the legal proceedings described above based on our belief that liabilities, while possible, are not probable. Further, any possible range of loss in these matters cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. We are engaged in other legal actions not described above arising in the ordinary course of its business and, while there can be no assurance of favorable outcomes, we believe that the ultimate outcome of these actions will not have a material adverse effect on our operating results, liquidity or financial position.


19

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 12 - Shareholders’ Equity
 
Share Repurchase Program  

Beginning August 2004, our Board of Directors authorized us, subject to certain specifications, to repurchase shares of our common stock. In May 2015, the Board extended the previously authorized repurchase program through December 2018 and authorized an additional $1.62 billion under the repurchase program.

In May 2015 we entered into an accelerated share repurchase agreement, or ASR, with an investment bank, under which we made an upfront payment of  $400 million  to purchase shares of our common stock and received an initial delivery of  14 million  shares. Upon final settlement of the ASR, we may either (1) receive additional shares of our common stock, or (2) be required to deliver shares of our common stock or elect to make a cash payment to the investment bank, based on the terms and conditions under the ASR. The shares we receive result in a reduction, on the delivery date, of the outstanding shares used to calculate the weighted-average common shares outstanding for basic and diluted net income per share.

We accounted for the ASR program as two separate transactions: (i) the 14 million shares of common stock initially delivered to us were accounted for as a treasury stock transaction and (ii) the unsettled contract was determined to be a forward contract indexed to our own common stock. The initial delivery of 14 million shares resulted in an immediate reduction, on the delivery date, of the outstanding shares used to calculate the weighted-average common shares outstanding for basic and diluted net income per share. We have determined that the forward contract, indexed to our common stock, met all of the applicable criteria for equity classification. As a result, we recorded $289 million as treasury stock and $111 million , the implied value of the forward contract, as additional paid-in-capital, or APIC, in our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 26, 2015. The remainder of the shares are anticipated to be delivered to us in the third quarter of fiscal year 2016, and at that time, the forward contract will be reclassified from APIC to treasury stock.

Through July 26, 2015 , we have repurchased an aggregate of 222 million shares under our share repurchase program for a total cost of $3.72 billion . All shares delivered from these repurchases have been placed into treasury stock. As of July 26, 2015 , we were authorized, subject to certain specifications, to repurchase additional shares of our common stock up to $1.60 billion .

Cash Dividends

During the three and six months ended July 26, 2015 , we paid $52 million and $99 million , respectively, in cash dividends to our common shareholders. These dividends were equivalent to $0.0975 and $0.085 per share for the three months ended July 26, 2015 and April 26, 2015, respectively.

Convertible Preferred Stock

There are no shares of preferred stock outstanding.

Common Stock

We are authorized to issue up to 2.00 billion shares of our common stock at $0.001 per share par value.


20

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Note 13 - Segment Information
 
Our Chief Executive Officer, who is considered to be our chief operating decision maker, or CODM, reviews financial information presented on an operating segment basis for purposes of making operating decisions and assessing financial performance. Our operating segments are equivalent to our reportable segments.

We report our business in two primary reporting segments - the GPU business and the Tegra Processor business - based on a single underlying graphics architecture.

Our GPU product brands aimed at specialized markets include GeForce for gamers; Quadro for designers; Tesla for researchers, deep learning and big-data analysts; and GRID for cloud-based visual computing users.

We also integrate our GPUs into mobile chips called system-on-a-chip (SOC) processors, which power tablets, and automotive infotainment and safety systems. Our Tegra brand integrates an entire computer onto a single chip, incorporating GPUs and multi-core CPUs with audio, video and input/output capabilities. They can also be integrated with baseband processors to add voice and data communication. Tegra conserves power while delivering state-of-the-art graphics and multimedia processing.

We have a single unifying architecture for our GPU and Tegra Processors. This architecture unification leverages our visual computing expertise by charging the operating expenses of certain core engineering functions to the GPU business, while charging the Tegra Processor business for the incremental cost of the teams working directly for that business. In instances where the operating expenses of certain functions benefit both reporting segments, our CODM assigns 100% of those expenses to the reporting segment that benefits the most.

The “All Other” category presented below represents the revenue and expenses that our CODM does not assign to either the GPU business or the Tegra Processor business for purposes of making operating decisions or assessing financial performance. The revenue includes primarily patent licensing revenue and the expenses include corporate infrastructure and support costs, stock-based compensation costs, amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, other acquisition-related costs, product warranty charge, restructuring and other charges, and other non-recurring charges and benefits that our CODM deems to be enterprise in nature.

Our CODM does not review any information regarding total assets on a reporting segment basis. Reporting segments do not record intersegment revenue, and, accordingly, there is none to be reported. The accounting policies for segment reporting are the same as for NVIDIA as a whole. The table below presents details of our reportable segments and the “All Other” category.

21

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



 
GPU
 
Tegra Processor
 
All Other
 
Consolidated
 
(In millions)
Three Months Ended July 26, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenue
$
959

 
$
128

 
$
66

 
$
1,153

Depreciation and amortization expenses
$
27

 
$
11

 
$
11

 
$
49

Operating income (loss)
$
273

 
$
(41
)
 
$
(156
)
 
$
76

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended July 27, 2014
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Revenue
$
878

 
$
159

 
$
66

 
$
1,103

Depreciation and amortization expenses
$
29

 
$
15

 
$
12

 
$
56

Operating income (loss)
$
241

 
$
(55
)
 
$
(23
)
 
$
163

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended July 26, 2015
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Revenue
$
1,899

 
$
273

 
$
132

 
$
2,304

Depreciation and amortization expense
$
55

 
$
26

 
$
22

 
$
103

Operating income (loss)
$
551

 
$
(99
)
 
$
(202
)
 
$
250

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended July 27, 2014
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Revenue
$
1,776

 
$
298

 
$
132

 
$
2,206

Depreciation and amortization expense
$
59

 
$
29

 
$
23

 
$
111

Operating income (loss)
$
476

 
$
(116
)
 
$
(46
)
 
$
314


 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
 
(In millions)
Reconciling items included in "All Other" category :
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unallocated revenue
$
66

 
$
66

 
$
132

 
$
132

Unallocated cost of revenue and operating expenses
(67
)
 
(42
)
 
(124
)
 
(85
)
Stock-based compensation
(47
)
 
(38
)
 
(93
)
 
(74
)
Acquisition-related costs
(4
)
 
(9
)
 
(13
)
 
(19
)
Product warranty charge
(15
)
 

 
(15
)
 

Restructuring and other charges
(89
)
 

 
(89
)
 

Total
$
(156
)
 
$
(23
)
 
$
(202
)
 
$
(46
)


22

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)



Revenue by geographic region is allocated to individual countries based on the location to which the products are initially billed even if our customers’ revenue is attributable to end customers that are located in a different location. The following table summarizes information pertaining to our revenue from customers based on invoicing address in different geographic regions:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
July 26,
 
July 27,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
(In millions)
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Taiwan
$
445

 
$
331

 
$
832

 
$
704

Other Asia Pacific
185

 
151

 
373

 
306

China
181


252


354


475

United States
138


206


318


379

Europe
106

 
80

 
225

 
167

Other Americas
98

 
83

 
202

 
175

Total revenue
$
1,153

 
$
1,103

 
$
2,304

 
$
2,206

Revenue from significant customers, those representing 10% or more of total revenue, aggregated approximately 23% and 21% of our total revenue from two customers for the three months ended July 26, 2015 and July 27, 2014, respectively. Revenue from significant customers, those representing 10% or more of total revenue, aggregated approximately 21% of our total revenue from two customers and 10% of our total revenue from one customer for the six months ended July 26, 2015 and July 27, 2014, respectively.
Accounts receivable from significant customers, those representing 10% or more of total accounts receivable, aggregated approximately 22% of our accounts receivable balance from one customer at July 26, 2015 and approximately 30% of our accounts receivable balance from two customers at January 25, 2015.

23

NVIDIA CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Unaudited)




Note 14 - Restructuring and Other Charges
 
In May 2015, we announced our intent to wind-down our Icera modem operations and that we were open to a sale of the technology or operations. During the three months ended July 26, 2015, we pursued the sale of Icera’s technology and operations but were unable to identify a viable buyer with genuine interest. As a result, we began the wind-down of Icera modem operations.
The results of any remaining ongoing Icera modem operations are reported in the Tegra Processor reporting segment, however, restructuring and other charges associated with the wind-down of the Icera modem operations are separately reported with other non-recurring charges and benefits that our CODM deems to be enterprise in nature. Please refer to Note 13 of these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion regarding our reporting segments.
Our operating expenses for the three months ended July 26, 2015 included $89 million of restructuring and other charges. Please refer to Note 4 of these Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for a discussion regarding the income tax charges associated with the wind-down of Icera modem operations.
 
Three Months Ended
 
July 26,
 
2015
 
(In millions)
Employee severance and related costs
$
56

Tax subsidy impairment
17

Fixed assets impairment
11

Facilities and related costs
2

Other exit costs
3

Balance at July 26, 2015
$
89


We expect to incur additional restructuring charges to operating expense of $15 million to $25 million for the remainder of fiscal year 2016.  These restructuring activities will impact approximately 5% of our global workforce, and we expect them to be substantially completed by the end of fiscal year 2016.  The following table provides a summary of the restructuring activities and related liabilities recorded in accrued liabilities in our Consolidated Balance Sheets as of July 26, 2015:
 
(In millions)
Balance at April 26, 2015
$

Restructuring and other charges
89

Cash payments
(39
)
Non-cash charges
(32
)
Balance at July 26, 2015
$
18


The remaining balance of $18 million as of July 26, 2015 is expected to be paid during the third and fourth quarters of fiscal year 2016. 


24



ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Forward-Looking Statements
 
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, which are subject to the “safe harbor” created by those sections. Forward-looking statements are based on our management’s beliefs and assumptions and on information currently available to our management. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terms such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “goal,” “would,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “potential” and similar expressions intended to identify forward-looking statements. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause our actual results, performance, time frames or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, time frames or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. We discuss many of these risks, uncertainties and other factors in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q in greater detail under the heading “Risk Factors.” Given these risks, uncertainties and other factors, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. Also, these forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date of this filing. You should read this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We hereby qualify our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements. Except as required by law, we assume no obligation to update these forward-looking statements publicly, or to update the reasons actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future.
 
All references to “NVIDIA,” “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” mean NVIDIA Corporation and its subsidiaries, except where it is made clear that the term means only the parent company.
      
NVIDIA, the NVIDIA logo, GeForce, GeForce Experience, GTX, ICERA, Iray, Maxwell, NVIDIA DRIVE, NVIDIA GRID, NVIDIA SHIELD, Pascal, Quadro, SHIELD, Tegra, Tesla, and TITAN are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of NVIDIA Corporation in the United States and other countries. Other company and product names may be trademarks of the respective companies with which they are associated.

The following discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with “Item 6. Selected Financial Data” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 25, 2015 and “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes thereto, as well as other cautionary statements and risks described elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, before deciding to purchase or sell shares of our common stock.

Overview
 
Our Company and Our Businesses

NVIDIA is dedicated to advancing visual computing, enabling individuals to interact with digital ideas, data and entertainment with an ease and efficiency unmatched by any other communication medium.

Our business model has three elements: creating NVIDIA-branded products and services, offering our processors to original equipment manufacturers, or OEMs, and licensing our intellectual property. NVIDIA’s products and services are built on three computing platforms - PC, Datacenter/Cloud, and Mobile, and address primarily four large markets: Gaming, Enterprise, High Performance Computing & Cloud, and Automotive.

Our two business segments - GPU and Tegra Processor - are based on a single underlying graphics architecture. In addition to the two reporting segments, the “All Other” category primarily includes licensing revenue from our patent cross licensing agreement with Intel, which we expect to recognize through March 2017.

GPUs, the engines of visual computing, are among the world's most complex processors. Our GPU product brands aimed at specialized markets include GeForce for gamers; Quadro for designers; Tesla for researchers, deep learning and big-data analysts; and GRID for cloud-based visual computing users.


25



We also integrate our GPUs into mobile chips called system-on-a-chip (SOC) processors, which power tablets, and automotive infotainment and safety systems. Our Tegra brand integrates an entire computer onto a single chip, incorporating GPUs and multi-core CPUs with audio, video and input/output capabilities. They can also be integrated with baseband processors to add voice and data communication. Tegra conserves power while delivering state-of-the-art graphics and multimedia processing.

Headquartered in Santa Clara, California, NVIDIA was incorporated in California in April 1993 and reincorporated in Delaware in April 1998.

Recent Developments, Future Objectives and Challenges

GPU Business

During the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, we released our new GeForce GTX 980 Ti GPU and we nearly doubled the users of our GeForce Experience PC gaming platform from a year earlier. Additionally, we shipped cuDNN 3.0, which improves performance of deep learning training on GPUs.
During the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, we launched the GeForce GTX TITAN X, a GPU with twice the performance and double the power efficiency of its predecessor. We also introduced Quadro M6000, a powerful professional GPU and the Quadro Visual Computing Appliance, containing eight M6000 GPUs. Further, we introduced a roadmap for physically based rendering, including Iray 2015 rendering software. During the quarter we also announced that our next-generation Pascal GPU architecture. This architecture is expected to accelerate deep learning applications faster than the current-generation Maxwell processors.

Tegra Processor Business

During the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, we launched the NVIDIA SHIELD Android TV device - our first living-room entertainment device powered by our Tegra X1 processor - which connects TVs to entertainment apps and services. For the automotive market, we are partnering with more than 50 companies to use our NVIDIA DRIVE PX platform - a car computer that utilizes deep learning to enable self-driving capabilities - previously announced in the first quarter of fiscal year 2016, in their autonomous driving efforts.
Capital Return to Shareholders

During the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, as part of our stock repurchase program, we entered into an accelerated share repurchase agreement, or ASR, with an investment bank, under which we made an upfront payment of $400 million to purchase shares of our common stock and received an initial delivery of 14 million shares. Upon final settlement of the ASR, we may either (1) receive additional shares of our common stock, or (2) be required to deliver shares of our common stock or elect to make a cash payment to the investment bank, based on the terms and conditions under the ASR. Additionally, we paid $52 million in cash dividends for the second quarter of fiscal year 2016. In the aggregate for the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, we returned a total of $452 million of capital to shareholders. Please refer to Note 12 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further disclosure regarding the ASR.

Litigation

In September 2014, we filed lawsuits against Qualcomm, Inc. and various Samsung entities in the United States International Trade Commission, or ITC, and the United States District Court for the District of Delaware for using our GPU patents without a license. The ITC action was heard in June 2015 and sought to permanently bar several Samsung products that rely on our patents in the United States. The Delaware case has been stayed during the pendency of the ITC action.

On November 10, 2014, Samsung filed a complaint against NVIDIA and Velocity Micro, Inc., in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. That complaint and subsequent amended complaints allege that we infringed six patents and falsely advertised that the Tegra K1 processor is the world’s fastest mobile processor. We have answered the most recent complaint and asserted counter-claims against Samsung for infringing four of NVIDIA’s patents and for non-infringement and invalidity of the six patents asserted by Samsung. After the court severed our counter-claims from the main action, we voluntarily dismissed our counter-claims from the case. In June 2015, Velocity Micro voluntarily agreed to a permanent injunction preventing it from infringing certain patents and was dismissed from the case with prejudice. A Markman hearing was held in June 2015 and trial on Samsung’s claims is currently set to begin in January 2016. Samsung’s false advertising claim was dismissed with prejudice in July 2015.


26



On November 23, 2014, Samsung filed a complaint against NVIDIA, among others, in the ITC claiming infringement of four United States patents. Samsung seeks to permanently bar several products purportedly relying on these allegedly infringed patents in the United States. An ITC hearing on Samsung’s patents is scheduled to begin in August 2015.

NVIDIA and Samsung have also challenged the validity of certain of each other’s patents through inter partes review before the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The United States Patent and Trademark Office has not yet decided whether to institute review as to any of these patents.

Please refer to Note 11 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.

Operating Lease Financing Arrangement

During the second quarter of fiscal year 2016, we began to construct a new headquarters building in Santa Clara, California, which is currently targeted for completion in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2018. This headquarters building is being financed under an off-balance sheet, build-to-suit operating lease arrangement. The banks have committed to fund up to $380 million of costs relating to construction.

Restructuring and Other Charges

In May 2015, we announced our intent to wind-down our Icera modem operations and that we were open to a sale of the technology or operations. During the three months ended July 26, 2015, we pursued the sale of Icera’s technology and operations but were unable to identify a viable buyer with genuine interest. As a result, we began the wind-down of Icera modem operations.
Our operating expenses for the three months ended July 26, 2015 included $89 million of restructuring and other charges. We expect to incur additional restructuring charges to operating expense of $15 million to $25 million for the remainder of fiscal year 2016.  These restructuring activities will impact approximately 5% of our global workforce, and we expect them to be substantially completed by the end of fiscal year 2016.  Please refer to Note 14 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.
Product Recall

On July 31, 2015, we announced a voluntary recall and replacement of our SHIELD 8-inch tablets that were sold between July 2014 and July 2015. We have determined that the battery in these tablets can overheat, posing a fire hazard. The recall does not affect any other NVIDIA products. During the six months ended July 26, 2015, we recorded a $21 million charge against cost of revenue, including $15 million during our fiscal quarter ended July 26, 2015, to cover anticipated customer warranty, repair, return, replacement and other associated costs. Please refer to Note 9 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.
Financial Information by Business Segment and Geographic Data
Our Chief Executive Officer, who is considered to be our chief operating decision maker, or CODM, reviews financial information presented on an operating segment basis for purposes of making operating decisions and assessing financial performance. Our operating segments are equivalent to our reportable segments.

We report our business in two primary reporting segments - the GPU business and the Tegra Processor business - based on a single underlying graphics architecture.

Our GPU product brands aimed at specialized markets include GeForce for gamers; Quadro for designers; Tesla for researchers, deep learning and big-data analysts; and GRID for cloud-based visual computing users.

We also integrate our GPUs into mobile chips called system-on-a-chip (SOC) processors, which power tablets, and automotive infotainment and safety systems. Our Tegra brand integrates an entire computer onto a single chip, incorporating GPUs and multi-core CPUs with audio, video and input/output capabilities. They can also be integrated with baseband processors to add voice and data communication. Tegra conserves power while delivering state-of-the-art graphics and multimedia processing.


27



The “All Other” category presented below represents the revenue and expenses that our CODM does not assign to either the GPU business or the Tegra Processor business for purposes of making operating decisions or assessing financial performance. The revenue includes primarily patent licensing revenue and the expenses include corporate infrastructure and support costs, stock-based compensation costs, amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets, other acquisition-related costs, product warranty charge, restructuring and other charges, and other non-recurring charges and benefits that our CODM deems to be enterprise in nature.

Please refer to Note 13 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further disclosure regarding segment information.

Results of Operations
 
The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, certain items in our condensed consolidated statements of operations expressed as a percentage of revenue.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
Revenue
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
     Cost of revenue
45.0

 
43.9

 
44.2

 
44.5

Gross profit
55.0

 
56.1

 
55.8

 
55.5

Operating expenses:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

     Research and development
27.8

 
30.6

 
28.6

 
30.4

     Sales, general and administrative
12.9

 
10.8

 
12.5

 
10.8

     Restructuring and other charges
7.7

 

 
3.9

 

Total operating expenses
48.4

 
41.4

 
45.0

 
41.2

Operating income
6.7

 
14.7

 
10.8

 
14.3

     Interest income
0.8

 
0.6

 
0.8

 
0.6

     Interest expense
(1.0
)
 
(1.0
)
 
(1.0
)
 
(1.0
)
     Other income (expense), net
(0.1
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(0.1
)
 
0.6

Income before income tax
6.4

 
14.0

 
10.5

 
14.5

Income tax expense
4.0

 
2.4

 
3.6

 
2.4

Net income
2.4
 %
 
11.6
 %
 
6.9
 %
 
12.1
 %
   
Revenue

NVIDIA’s products and services are built for three computing platforms - PC, Datacenter/Cloud, and Mobile. In the first half of fiscal year 2016, approximately 75% of our revenue stemmed from products and services associated with the PC computing platform, of which GPUs for gaming and enterprise markets comprised over 85% while PC OEM represented less than 15%.
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
(In millions)
 
 
 
(In millions)
 
 
GPU
$
959

 
$
878

 
$
81

 
9
 %
 
$
1,899

 
$
1,776

 
$
123

 
7
 %
Tegra Processor
128

 
159

 
(31
)
 
(19
)
 
273

 
298

 
(25
)
 
(8
)
All Other
66

 
66

 

 

 
132

 
132

 

 

Total
$
1,153

 
$
1,103

 
$
50

 
5
 %
 
$
2,304

 
$
2,206

 
$
98

 
4
 %

Revenue for the second quarter of fiscal year 2016 increased by 5% when compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2015 . Revenue for the first half of  fiscal year 2016  increased  4%  when compared to the first half of  fiscal year 2015 .



28



Revenue by Operating Segments

GPU Business . GPU business revenue increased by 9% in the second quarter of fiscal year 2016 compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2015 . This increase was due primarily to growth in revenue from high-end GeForce GPUs for gaming, which increased over 50% fueled by continued strength in PC gaming. Revenue from Tesla GPUs for high performance computing and cloud decreased, reflecting variability in project purchasing. Revenue from Quadro GPUs for enterprise declined due to weakness in the overall workstation market. Revenue from GeForce GPU products for mainstream PC OEMs declined year-over-year compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2015 , reflecting the decline in overall consumer PCs.

GPU business revenue increased by 7%  in the first half of fiscal year 2016 compared to the first half of fiscal year 2015 . This increase was due primarily to increased revenue from sales of high-end GeForce GPU products for gaming, which increased over 30% reflecting a combination of continued strength in PC gaming and increased sales of our Maxwell-based GPU products. Revenue from Tesla GPUs for high performance computing and cloud increased, driven by strong demand with cloud service providers. Revenue from Quadro GPUs for enterprise declined due to weakness in the overall workstation market. Revenue from GeForce GPU products for mainstream PC OEMs declined compared to last year.

Tegra Processor Business. Tegra Processor business revenue decreased by 19% in the second quarter of fiscal year 2016 compared to the second quarter of fiscal year 2015 . This decrease was driven by a decline in sales of Tegra products for OEM smartphones and tablets of over 80%, partially offset by an increase in sales of Tegra products serving automotive systems of over 75%, plus increases in revenue from development services and sales of SHIELD devices.

Tegra Processor business revenue decreased by 8% in the first half of fiscal year 2016 compared to the first half of fiscal year 2015 . This decrease was driven by a decline in sales of Tegra products for OEM smartphones and tablets of over 80%, partially offset by an increase in Automotive sales of Tegra products of nearly 100%. Revenue also grew from development services and sales of SHIELD devices.

All Other. We recognized $66 million in revenue during the second quarter of both fiscal years 2016 and 2015 and $132 million in revenue during the first half of both fiscal years 2016 and 2015 , from the patent cross licensing arrangement with Intel.

Concentration of Revenue 
 
Revenue from sales to customers outside of the United States and Other Americas accounted for 80% of total revenue for the second quarter and  77%  of total revenue for the first half of fiscal year 2016. Revenue from sales to customers outside of the United States and Other Americas accounted for 74% of total revenue for the second quarter and 75% of total revenue for the first half of fiscal year 2015. Revenue by geographic region is allocated to individual countries based on the location to which the products are initially billed even if the revenue is attributable to end customers in a different location.
 
We generated revenue from significant customers, those representing 10% or more of total revenue. Please refer to Note 13 of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further disclosure regarding significant customers.

Gross Profit and Gross Margin

Gross profit consists of total revenue, net of allowances, less cost of revenue. Cost of revenue consists primarily of the cost of semiconductors purchased from subcontractors, including wafer fabrication, assembly, testing and packaging, board and device costs, manufacturing support costs, including labor and overhead associated with such purchases, final test yield fallout, inventory and warranty provisions and shipping costs. Cost of revenue also includes development costs for license and service arrangements and stock-based compensation related to personnel associated with operations.
Gross margin is the percentage of gross profit to revenue. Our gross margin can vary in any period depending on the mix of types of products sold. Our gross margin is impacted by the mix of products we sell. Product mix is difficult to estimate with accuracy.  Therefore, if we experience product transition challenges, including the introduction of NVIDIA-branded products such as SHIELD devices, if we achieve significant revenue growth in lower margin product lines or if we are unable to earn as much revenue as we expect from higher margin product lines, our gross margin may be negatively impacted.
Our overall gross margin was 55.0% and 56.1% for the second quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 , respectively, and  55.8%  and  55.5%  for the first half of fiscal years 2016 and 2015, respectively.

29



Charges to cost of sales for inventory provisions totaled $18 million and $13 million for the second quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 , respectively, unfavorably impacting our gross margin by 1.5% and 0.9%, respectively. Sales of inventory that was previously written-off or written-down totaled $10 million and $5 million for the second quarter of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 , respectively, favorably impacting our gross margin by 0.9% and 0.7%, respectively. As a result, the overall net effect on our gross margin from charges to cost of sales for inventory provisions and sales of items previously written-off or written-down was a 0.6% unfavorable impact for the second quarter of fiscal year 2016 and a 0.2% unfavorable impact for the second quarter of fiscal year 2015 .

Charges to cost of sales for inventory provisions totaled $31 million and $23 million for the first half of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 , respectively, unfavorably impacting our gross margin by 1.4% and 1.2%, respectively. Sales of inventory that was previously written-off or written-down totaled $19 million and $31 million for the first half of fiscal years 2016 and 2015 , respectively, favorably impacting our gross margin by 0.8% and 1.6%, respectively. As a result, the overall net effect on our gross margin from charges to cost of sales for inventory provisions and sales of items previously written-off or written-down was a 0.6% unfavorable impact for the first half of fiscal year 2016 and a 0.4% favorable impact for the first half of fiscal year 2015.

A discussion of our gross margin results for each of our operating segments is as follows:

GPU Business . The gross margin of our GPU business increased in the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2016 compared to the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2015 , respectively. GPU margins increased primarily due to a richer product mix resulting from lower sales of GeForce GPU products for mainstream PC OEMs and stronger sales of our GeForce GPU products for gaming.
   
Tegra Processor Business . The gross margin of our Tegra Processor business decreased in the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2016 compared to the second quarter and first half of fiscal year 2015 , respectively, primarily due to the warranty charge associated with the SHIELD 8-inch tablet product recall.
 
Operating Expenses  
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
July 26,
2015
 
July 27,
2014
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
(In millions)